Air Date: Sunday, October 10, 2004
Time Slot: 7:00 PM-8:00 PM EST on CBS
Episode Title: "N/A"
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Cameras also go Inside Refugee Camps Where a Million Have Gone to Escape the Killing

The horrible images of genocide are captured by 60 MINUTES cameras for a report on the mass murder and subsequent refugee crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan to be broadcast Sunday, Oct. 10 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.

Human rights advocates accuse the government of Sudan of ethnic cleansing in the region through its support of the Janjaweed, Arab militia said to be responsible for killing 50,000 black African tribesmen and for causing a million of them to flee. The government has been claiming for months that it has reined in the marauding Janjaweed, blamed for leveling nearly 400 of the 600 villages in Darfur. But 60 MINUTES cameras have captured evidence that the pogrom still continued, when many bodies were found with bullet holes in their backs and heads outside the town of Fariwiya last July.

"The bodies of men who appeared to have been executed," says Samantha Power, who says it is another example of the ethnic cleansing. Power investigates genocide and has written a Pulitzer-Prize winning book on the subject. She tells Scott Pelley that refugees from the violence -- 90 percent of whom are women and children because the men are murdered -- say the attacks are ethnically motivated. "When the Janjaweed come in�they are saying, 'You blacks, you Zurga.' Sort of like an equivalent of nigger. 'Get out�never come back,'" Power says the Darfurians hear, as they are being chased, murdered and raped.

They flee the attacks and try to make it over the border into Chad, where refugee camps are set up to provide subsistence food, water and shelter. As 60 MINUTES cameras show, the people in these Sahara desert camps live day to day awaiting the next food or water delivery, some on the brink of death, with the threat of disease always near. And these are the lucky ones, who were able to escape. Others are stuck along the way, too sick, old or young to make the journey to the camps without help. They will die if help doesn't reach them.

Even if the Janjaweed stop the killing, the seeds of genocide have already been planted, says Power. "This won't look like Rwanda," says Power of the ethnic mass murders there a decade ago. "If a million people die in Darfur, we'll all sigh and say, 'Isn't it a shame we couldn't get medicine to those poor, sick Darfurians.' As if they were poor and sick to begin with," she tells Pelley. "Fifty-thousand have died so far. That's 50,000 too many, but when we know that there are between a million and two million who can yet be saved, what is our excuse for watching this in slow motion?" asks Power.

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